PakAlumni Worldwide: The Global Social Network

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Karachi Rickshaw Driver with Six Daughters at School

Amjad Ali, #Karachi rickshaw driver, father of six daughters sending them all to school in #Pakistan. One of his daughter Muskan just won a scholarship to study at top #business school. #education #highereducation https://www.universityworldnews.com/post.php?story=2019062115073239

https://twitter.com/haqsmusings/status/1142580970215788544

In a country where many women are still discouraged from getting an education and are married off early, Amjad Ali, a father of six daughters, and a rickshaw driver, has broken the mould by sending his daughters to Karachi’s leading universities, reports Samaa TV.

“People often mocked and criticised me, saying that girls are bound to get married and move out and to stop wasting my hard-earned money on my daughters,” he said.

But one of his daughters, Muskan, recently received a scholarship from the Institute of Business Administration, which is one of the top business schools in the country. “It was one of the happiest days of my life,” he said. “Be it a son or a daughter, the right to education is equal for all,” he believes.

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Comment by Riaz Haq on November 4, 2019 at 7:27pm

World Bank Group
Pakistan@100
From Poverty
to Equity

Policy Note
March 2019

Intergenerational Income Mobility

Pakistan has made substantial progress in terms of poverty reduction and overall
improvementin standards of living over the past decades. The process of economic development
in Pakistan has led to absolute upward mobility across generations.

Children and youth living in today’s Pakistan experience a much higher quality of life than their grandparents. If we look at the
period from the early 1970s to the present, welfare as measured by GDP per capita (calculated in
2010 US$) increased 2.5 times from US$453 to US$1,178. Social indicators have also improved
significantly. For example, a child born in Pakistan today can expect to live, on average, more than a
decade longer than a child born two generations ago and achieve higher educational levels.
Nonetheless, the picture is less positive when considering intergenerational mobility (IGM) from a
relative perspective, that is, the extent to which an individual’s position on the economic ladder
within a society is independent of the position of the individual’s parents (Box 3).


Intergenerational Education Mobility


A recent report (World Bank, 2018b) analyzing trends in IGM in education across 146
countries indicates that Pakistan ranks among the worst performing countries in absolute
educational mobility, defined as the share of adults that are more educated than their parents, and
relative mobility, defined as the correlation between individuals’ education and that of their parents.
Pakistan also ranks among the 10 worst performing countries when looking at the share of
individuals in the 1980s’ generation who made it to the top quartile of education out of all those born
to parents with education in the bottom half of their generation. Ideally, if one’s ability to obtain an
education did not depend on how well educated one’s parents are, the share would be 25 percent. In
the case of Pakistan, only 9.4 percent of individuals born in the bottom half make it to the top
compared with a median of 15 percent among developing economies.

Compared with other South Asian countries (in IGM in education), Pakistan is doing marginally better than India (8.9 percent) and Bangladesh (8.6 percent), but worse than Nepal (11.4 percent), Afghanistan (12.3 percent), Sri Lanka (15.9 percent),
and the Maldives (24.8 percent).

http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/868741552632296526/Pakist...

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