Ayesha Siddiqa, the well known author of "Military, Inc." has written a very insightful piece for BBCUrdu.com, arguing that Pakistan is ruled by a small elite that disregards the wishes and the best interests of its average people. I absolutely agree with Ayesha Siddiqa, that Pakistan has been and still is ruled by a small elite consisting of feudal lords, military officers, industrialists, and bureaucrats (and, I add, some nefarious clerics colluding with them).
While this piece does a great job of painting a fairly accurate picture of the situation in Pakistan, it stops short of telling you how to change it and empower the
ordinary people of Pakistan. In my humble view, the way to change is to let the middle class continue to grow in size and strength, as it has in the last 8 years.
With a stronger middle class, the elite will be forced to concede power, as has happened in many societies that have transitioned from feudal to industrial societies in the last 100-200 years.
India is, perhaps, the only exception to this rule. The reasons cited for this exception are many. But the two that come to mind immediately are:
1) India's Prime Minister Nehru ordered and implemented real and extensive land reform that limited land ownership to no more than a dozen or two acres per family in India. This action emasculated the feudal class and freed the rural people to choose their leaders without fear of persecution. In sharp contrast to this, the feudal families in Pakistan own tens to hundreds of thousands of acres.
2) India is so vast and diverse that it is extremely difficult for any military to rule it for any period of time.
So the Indians have chosen to support democratic institutions, in spite of the fact that Indian democracy has not served the vast majority of its people well. They have understood that the alternatives are far worse.
So, as a general rule, transition to industrialization being an essential component, the industrialists are a necessary evil to free societies from the
clutches of the feudal system and let the average people become educated enough to think and act in their own best interest.