The Global Social Network
Pakistan has a low level of motorization with just 9% of the households owning a car. Nearly half of all households own a motorcycle. Motorization rates in the country have tripled over the last decade and a half, resulting in nearly 40% of all emissions coming from vehicles. Concerns about climate change and environmental pollution have forced the government to to take a number of actions ranging from adoption of Euro6 emission standards for new vehicles with internal combustion engines (ICE) since 2015 and announcement of a national electric vehicle (EV) policy this year.
Pakistan electric vehicle policy 2019 sets EV adoption targets and includes incentives for buyers and manufacturers. It also focuses on development of nationwide charging infrastructure to ease adoption of electric vehicles. Here are some of the salient points of the policy:
1. Goal for cars: 30% of new sales by 2030 and 90% of new sales by 2040
2. Goal for 2 and 3 wheelers: 50% of new sales by 2030 and 90% of new sales by 2040
3. Goal for buses: 50% of new sales by 2030 and 90% of new sales by 2040
4. Goal for trucks: 30% of new sales by 2030 and 90% of new sales by 2040
1. 1% GST for EVs vs 17% for regular vehicles
2. Lower electricity tariffs for EVs
1. Only 1% import duty on charging equipment.
2. Lower power tariffs for charging stations.
3. One fast DC charging station per 3km by 3km area in all major cities
4. DC fast chargers on all motorways every 15-30 km.
5. Ensure uninterrupted power on feeders for charging stations.
1. All greenfield investments apply to EV manufacturers and those converting their existing facilities to manufacture EVs.
2. State Bank to offer lower rate financing for EV manufacturing.
Announcement of National Electric Vehicle (EV) Policy 2019 by Pakistan government is a step in the right direction. It is a forward looking step needed to deal with climate concerns from growing transport sector emissions with rapidly rising vehicle ownership. It also focuses on development of nationwide charging infrastructure to ease adoption of electric vehicles. Meanwhile it's crucial that Euro6 emission standards be seriously enforced with proper inspections to limit emissions from internal combustion engine (ICE) vehicles being sold now.